Programme national d’investissement agricole et de securite alimentaire








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titreProgramme national d’investissement agricole et de securite alimentaire
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Introduction

The Government of the Republic of Togo have prepared, with the backup provided by partners in development and silent partners the PNIASA which aims at « increasing the yield of agricultural exploitations and at contributing to the improvement of the balance of trades and of the conditions of life of the populations in rural areas in conditions of sustainable development with a particular attention paid to the poorest and most vulnerable populations ».. To reach this objective, five priority axes have been defined. They are mainly dealing with the following orientations : (i) intensification and sustainable development of agricultural production systems, so as to increase the farmers’ income and the conditions of life of populations in rural areas; (ii) promotion of channels of diversification and agribusiness development ; (iii) structuring the farming world and professionalizing farmers; (iv) reinforcing institutional capacities of services (of both public and private sectors) ; (v) promoting the right to food, good governance about food and nutritional security.

Objective of the Framework of Environmental and Social Management

The objective of the Framework of Environmental and Social Management is to establish a process of environmental and social selection which will enable the structures in charge of implementing the PNIASA, to effectively identify, evaluate and reduce the potential environmental and social impacts of the activities of the PNIASA at the stages of planning, implementation and follow-up. The process of environmental and social review of the Framework of Environmental and Social Management will be integrated to the general process of approbation and funding of the activities. The implementation of the Framework of Environmental and Social Management will take into account the backup policy of the World Bank and will be in conformity with the environmental laws of the Republic of Togo for each activity. The Framework of Environmental and Social Management also determines the institutional arrangements to make during the execution of the program, as well as those relative to reinforcement of capacities.
Negative environmental and social impacts

The negative environmental impacts of the project will mainly come from the construction and the rehabilitation of infrastructures (tracks, schools, health care centers, latrines, water supply spots, markets, etc.) but also from income generating activities (farming, in terms of disturbance of life environment, production of solid and liquid wastes, insecurity linked to the works, occupation of private land plots, use of pesticides, etc.) Furthermore, the potential exploitation of quarries for building materials could also constitute sources of negative impacts on the natural environment and there arises the necessity of restoration actions after use.
In the phase of the implementation of the PNIASA, the negative impacts expected are inherent to the felling of trees in order to pave sites for new construction works and to the production wastes on construction sites. All in all, the direct and indirect effects are: various kinds of pollution (anarchical disposal of solid and liquid wastes from building sites, road traffic disruptions, noise, dust emissions, risks of accidents in the human milieu); probable reduction of the vegetal layer in order to free the encroachment zones or due to the opening up and the exploitation of building material quarries; harmful effects linked to the use of pesticides in agricultural activities; bad management of biomedical wastes in health care centers, etc.
The new constructions or the extension of the existing infrastructures could imply the acquisition of land plots, perhaps already used for other activities carried out by the populations (occupation by the populations, agricultural production, pasturage, etc.), which may result into moving populations or loss of activities.

In order to find an answer to these negative impacts, the selection process proposed in the Framework of Environmental and Social Management, will be carried out in such a way that the biophysical characteristics of the zones where the activities of the project will be performed be taken into account, and that measures of attenuation be consequently implemented.
National legislation in terms of EIE (EIA)
As for what specifically concerns impact studies, the Ministère de l’Environnement et des Ressources Forestières [Ministry of Environment and of Forestry Resources] will above all make use of the edict regulating Environment Impacts Assessment (EIA) which provides precision on the circumstances and conditions in accordance with which it is compulsory to get an EIA ready. The annex of the edict regulating the EIA indicates an inventory of activity sectors and the type of SIE required for each activity
Backup policies of the World Bank

Due to environmental and social impacts that could result from the future activities of building and rehabilitation of micro projects, the PNIASA has triggered on three of the backup policies of the World Bank, precisely, the OP 4.01 « Environmental Evaluation»; the OP 4.12  « Involuntary Resettlement » and the OP 4.09 «  Anti-parasitic Fight ». The other organizational policies of the World Bank are not relevant for this program.
Environmental selection process of projects

The different stages of the environmental and social selection process are established in this Framework of Environmental and Social Management. The scale of the environmental and social measures required for the activities of PNIASA will depend on the results obtained by the selection process. This selection process aims at : (i) determining which actions by the PNIASA are likely to have negative impacts at the environmental and social level; (ii)establishing the appropriate attenuation measures for the activities having harmful impacts, (iii) identifying the activities necessitating separate Environment Impacts Assessment (EIA); (iv) describing institutional responsibilities for the study and approval of selection results, the implementation of proposed attenuation measures, and the preparation of the Environment Impacts Assessment (EIA) reports; (v) carrying out the follow up of environmental parameters during the building/redevelopment of infrastructures and equipments as well as of their functioning and of their subsequent maintenance; and (vi) indicating the activities of PNIASA likely to implicate the acquisition of land plots.
The table below gives a recapitulation of the stages and institutional responsibilities.


Phases

Components

Environmental actions to carry out

Responsible

1. Identification (planning)




Project (A, B, C) classification and establishment of the type of environmental evaluation to be carried out (Screening, EES, PAR)


CES

ANGE



2. Studies and preparation



Technical studies


  1. Preparation of the TDRs [Terms of Reference] for the environmental studies to carry out

  2. Preparation of the EIA reports (Environmental studies, simplified EIA)

  3. Preparation of PAR, if necessary


CES

ANGE

Studies Office [Bureau d’Etudes]

CII

  1. Validation of the environmental studies and the PAR

  2. Consultation and diffusion




ANGE

Consultants

Detailed project

Preparation of documents of bid to tender and of execution

  1. Review of the EIAs for the integration of the actions and the environmental and social prescriptions (PGES expressed in figures) in the bid to tender, the work and control contracts






CES

Consultant


3. Bid to Tender

Studies of the offers and invitation to tender

  1. Integration of an environmental criteria in the study and evaluation grid of offers

Team of public contract of MAEH

CES

4. Implementation

Launching of the project(start)

  • The work will not start before the indemnification operations and, if necessary, of resettlement (if applicable)

  • Meetings for starting the works in order to inform and sensitize all the institutional actors, the populations included, on the activities of the project, the duration and the programming of the works, the potential impacts, the recommended measures, the roles and responsibilities of each and everyone in the execution of the works

MAEH


Execution of the works

  • Follow-up and control of the respect for the environmental prescriptions et obligations and efficiency of protection measures

  • The control and implementation of the environmental measures should be carried out by a socio environmentalist 

  • See to it that environmental and social actions not attainable by the works enterprises are entrusted to or subcontracted by more specialized structures in the matter (trees planting sensitization on road security, the STI/HIV/AIDS)






CES

ANGE

Control office


5. Project Achievement




  • Statement of the environmental reception which should be part and parcel of the provisional or definitive reception process of the works.

  • Report of retrospective environmental evaluation

CES

Study Office



6. Exploitation phase




  • Follow-up of environmental measures (process, impacts results indicators)

CES

ANGE

Framework of Environmental and Social Management of the project
The objective of the reinforcement of the Environmental and Social management for the PNIASA is to describe the institutional mechanisms pertaining to : (i) identification of environmental and social potential impacts that could result from the activities of the PNIASA; (ii) the implementation of the proposed attenuation measures ; (iii) the follow-up and the implementation attenuation measures iv) the reinforcement of capacities; (v) the estimates of costs relative thereto as well as chronology The Framework of Environmental and Social Management put the emphasis on the measures of attenuation of the impacts which will follow from the execution of the PNIASA activities.
Reinforcement of Capacities for Environmental Management in the PNIASA Framework
The Framework of Environmental and Social Management suggests institutional and technical backup measures for training, sensitization in order to reinforce the capacities of structures and human resources; Reinforcement of the environmental expertise of the “Environment and social cell” [Cellule environnement et social] and of the executives of the MAEH ; Realization of the Environment Impacts Assessment (EIA), Elaboration of environmental and social guidelines to insert into the works ; Follow-up and Evaluation of the PNIASA activities; Training for the actors involved in the implementation of the PNIASA.

Institutions responsible for the implementation and the follow-up of the attenuation measures
In all cases, the supervision and the environmental follow-up will be carried out by:

  • The control teams to supervise the works: this follow-up will be monthly all along the execution phase of the projects ; at the end of the works, a retrospective evaluation will be carried out ;

  • The Focal Points environnement and social ;

  • The Direction of Environment


The summary of the budget of the environmental and social Management of the PNIASA comes as follows:


Activities

Quantitiy

Unit cost (CFA F)

Total Costs in (CFA F)

Realization of the Environment Impacts Assessment (EIA) + reports validation costs

-

-

140 000 000

Researches and vulgarization

-

-

20 000 000

Elaboration of textbooks on good farming practices

-

-

5 000 000

Permanent follow-up of PNIASA activities

20 terms

3 000 000

60 000 000

Training Measures

5 regional workshops

2 500 000

12 500 000

IEC Measures / Sensitization

25 regional workshops

2 500 000

62 500 000

Mid-term and final evaluation of CGES and PNIASA

2

5 000 000

10 000 000

TOTAL







310 000 000 CFAF
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